Melting chocolate can be a challenge. It is important not to get any moisture in the chocolate during the melting process. The moisture will cause the chocolate to become stiff and coarse, rather than creamy and smooth. Make sure all pans, bowls, and utensils that come into contact with the chocolate are completely dry. Just a couple of drops of water can cause the chocolate to bind together into an unusable clump. If the chocolate does start to seize on you, remove from the heat and add 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil for every 6 oz. of chocolate used, stirring briskly. This may are may not work.
Chocolate can be melted using one of the methods shown below:
Chocolate bloom occurs when chocolate is stored at high temperature (above 80 degrees F) or experiences widely fluctuating temperatures, causing cocoa butter to crystallize on the surface as gray streaks. Chocolate will also bloom when the chocolate is overheated when being melted. Once cooled, the chocolate has a flat, grey appearance with a gritty texture. There is no way to fix chocolate that has been over heated. On occasion, when I have overheated the chocolate, I let it cool, cut it into chunks and stir into cookie dough.
Types of Chocolate
chocolate is chocolate made with cocoa butter, sugar, milk, emulsifier,
vanilla and sometimes other flavorings. It does not contain any non-fat
ingredients from the cacao bean and has therefore an off-white color. In some
countries white chocolate cannot be called 'chocolate' because of the low
content of cocoa solids. It has a mild and pleasant flavor and can be used to
make Chocolate Mousse, Panna Cotta and other desserts.
-Dark chocolate is a sweetened chocolate with high content of cocoa solids and no or very little milk, it may contain up to 12% milk solids. Dark chocolate can either be sweet, semi-sweet, bittersweet or unsweetened. If a recipe specifies 'dark chocolate' you should first try semi-sweet dark chocolate.
-Sweet dark chocolate is similar to semi-sweet chocolate, it is not always possible to distinguish between the flavor of sweet and semi-sweet chocolate. If a recipe asks for sweet dark chocolate you may also use semi-sweet chocolate. Contains often 35-45% cocoa solids.
chocolate is the classic dark baking chocolate which can be purchased in
most grocery stores. It is frequently used for cakes, cookies and brownies. Can
be used instead of sweet dark chocolate. It has a good, sweet flavor. Contains
often 40-62% cocoa solids.
is a dark sweetened chocolate which must contain at least 35% cocoa solids. Good
quality bittersweet chocolate usually contains 60% to 85% cocoa solids depending
on brand. If the content of cocoa solids is high the content of sugar is low,
giving a rich, intense and more or less bitter chocolate flavor. Bittersweet
chocolate is often used for baking/cooking. If a recipe specifies bittersweet
chocolate do not substitute with semi-sweet or sweet chocolate. Please ensure
that you buy the correct type! European types of bittersweet chocolate usually
contains very large amounts of cocoa solids, and some of them have quite bitter
-Unsweetened chocolate is a bitter chocolate which is only used for baking. The flavor is not good, so it is not suitable for eating. Use it only if a recipe specifies 'unsweetened chocolate'. It contains almost 100% cocoa solids, about half of it might be fat (cocoa butter).
Yield: 4 Ĺ c- enough for 6-8 people
1 1/3 c corn syrup
Assorted dippers: fresh fruit- pineapple chunks, strawberries, orange wedges, apple slices, coconut cubes, banana slices
: small pretzel twists, shortbread cookies, angel food cake cubes, graham crackers
: dried fruit- apricots, figs, dates
: nuts- walnut or pecan halves, unsalted dry roasted peanuts
In a medium saucepan, bring the corn syrup and heavy cream to a boil over medium heat. Remove from the heat and add the chocolate chips and vanilla, stir until the mixture is thick and smooth.
Keep warm in a fondue pot or microwavable bowl (if starts to thicken, microwave for 30 seconds), stirring occasionally.
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